Y-DNA haplogroup J1, defined by the SNP mutation M, is estimated to be approximately 20 thousand years old and is thought to have originated somewhere between Anatolia and Mesopotamia. The goals of this project are to help project members interpret their results and guide them in further testing, while advancing our understanding of Y-DNA haplogroup J1. Please transfer your Geno 2. Click here for instructions. If you wouldn't mind, please include a link to the J1 Project in your Geno 2.J.mario avverte: spesso ha la meglio la sfavorita
It's recommended that order your predicted SNP to confirm. The clusters in this project are based on the latest J1 phylogenetic tree by Marko Heinila, which can be found here note: Must be opened with Archaeopteryx. They are generated using probability calculations and are not based on religious or cultural affiliation, nor are they absolute in any way until defined by a SNP.
Note: If they SNP you would like to order begins with YSC, you will need to order it using its longhand name, which totals in 10 characters, ex. These are slow-mutating STR markers, with values unique within your subclade, known a UEPs unique-event polymorphismsthat act as identifiers for your cluster.
They shouldn't be confused with modal haplotypes, which require a series of STR markers to construct. Geno 2.
What will I learn? Subclade projects The J1 Project is partnered with the following J1 subclade projects. Click on Order an Advanced Test. Click Add to the right of the SNP.
Haplogroup J (mtDNA)
Click the Next and proceed to the payment page. If the kit isn't in your matches, you can email us and we'll pass along your message to them.For genealogy within the most recent fifteen generations, STR markers help define paternal lineages. It uses the classic format. The columns display each project member's kit number, paternal ancestry information according to project settings, the paternal tree branch haplogroupand actual STR marker results. The color coding of STR marker names is explained here.
In the haplogroups column, haplogroups in green are confirmed by SNP testing. Haplogroups in red are predicted. Kit Number. Kostka Daniels. Al Oubosi.
Sudan Project. Mahwetti Al Hemyari. Olivares Beltran.
Al-Qanaan Al Qurashi. Al Qurashi. Albadri IQ Project. Algazi ammar alani studies T. Al Shatwani Al Heggi. Al Ebbi. Al Mahwetti Al Hemyari. Goulart da Rosa. Al Kalbani. AL failakawi. Hasan Alsmaeil.
Al Sahli. Arol IQ Project. Al-Hazzani Yamama.
Belmont aka Almuly. Muhammad al asiri.All these haplogroups have had other historical names listed below. This haplogroup is found today in significant frequencies in many areas in or near the Arabian Peninsula and Western Asia. Out of its native Asian Continentit's found at very high frequencies in Sudan.
It's also found at lesser extent in parts of the CaucasusEthiopia and parts of North Africa and amongst Jewish groupsespecially those with Cohen surnames. It can also be found much less commonly, but still occasionally in significant amounts, in parts of southern Europe and as far east as Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. Since the discovery of haplogroup J-P it has generally been recognized that it shows signs of having originated in or near West Asia.
With one notable exception, J-P58, most of these are not common Tofanelli North Africa received Semitic migrations, according to some studies it may have been diffused in recent time by Arabs who, mainly from the 7th century a. However the Canary islands is not known to have had any Semitic language.
This also appears to be associated with Semitic languages. According to a study inin Tunisia, J-M is significantly more abundant in the urban According to the authors, these results could be explained by supposing that Arabization in Tunisia was a military enterprise, therefore, mainly driven by men that displaced native Berbers to geographically marginal areas but they frequently married Berber women Ennafaa The area including eastern Turkey and the Zagros and Taurus mountains, has been identified as a likely area of ancient J-M diversity.
Both J-P58 and other types of J-M are present, sometimes with similar frequencies. J-M is very common throughout this region, dominated by J-P58, but some specific sub-populations have notably low frequencies. J-M is uncommon in most of Northern and Central Europe. The Caucasus has areas of both high and low J-M frequency. It is very prevalent in many areas where J-M is common, especially in parts of North Africa and throughout the Arabian peninsula. Notably, it is not common among the J-M of the Caucasus.
Chiaroni proposed that J-P58 that they refer to as J1e might have first dispersed during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period, "from a geographical zone, including northeast Syria, northern Iraq and eastern Turkey toward Mediterranean Anatolia, Ismaili from southern Syria, Jordan, Palestine and northern Egypt.
They also propose that this movement of people may also be linked to the dispersal of Semitic languages by hunter-herderswho moved into arid areas during periods known to have had low rainfall. Thus, while other haplogroups including J-M moved out of the area with agriculturalists who followed the rainfall, populations carrying J-M remained with their flocks King and Chiaroni According to this scenario, after the initial neolithic expansion involving Semitic languageswhich possibly reached as far as Yemen, a more recent dispersal occurred during the Chalcolithic or Early Bronze Age approximately — BCEand this involved the branch of Semitic which leads to the Arabic language.
The authors propose that this involved a spread of some J-P58 from the direction of Syria towards Arab populations of the Arabian Peninsula and Negev. On the other hand, the authors agree that later waves of dispersion in and around this area have also had complex effects upon the distributions of some types of J-P58 in some regions. They list three regions which are particularly important to their proposal:. Studies show that J-P58 group is not only in itself very dominant in many areas where J-M or J1 are common, but it also contains a large cluster which had been recognized before the discovery of P It is still a subject of research though.
More generally, since then this cluster has been found to be frequent among men in the Middle East and North Africa, but less frequent in areas of Ethiopia and Europe where J-M is nevertheless common. This Arabic type includes Arabic speakers from MaghrebSudanIraq and Qatarand it is a relatively homogeneous group, implying that it might have dispersed relatively recently compared to J-M generally.
The more diverse "Eurasian" group includes EuropeansKurdsIranians and Ethiopians despite Ethiopia being outside of Eurasiaand is much more diverse. The authors also say that "Omanis show a mix of Eurasian pool-like and typical Arabic haplotypes as expected, considering the role of corridor played at different times by the Gulf of Oman in the dispersal of Asian and East African genes.Haplogroup J1 separated from haplogroup J approximately According to the study of Chiaroni et al.
In this sense, it is wrong to call haplogroup J1 as Semitic in origin. On the other hand, the subclade L93, which is common to Yemenites and southern Arabians, seems to be more ancient than the subclade FGC These two subclades might be supposed to be the Semitic branch of haplogroup J1. The ancient J1-M samples in Russia were traced back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.
However, the L93 lineage, which is mostly seen among the Arabs of Yemen, might be more ancient than the FGC11 lineage in Arabic people. It displays that there had been an expansion of haplogroup J1 from Mesopotamia to Arabia and Yemen in Neolithic period.
According to the study of Abu-Amero et al. Today, it is still possible to see people with Turkish surnames among Arabic populations in North Africa especially Tunisians, Libyans, Algerians and Arabia. It is possible that a small proportion of haplogroup and subclade diversity arrived in those regions as a result of historical events.
J1-M diversities found in Saudi Arabia are of the same range. A few various lineages of J1 through Arabian peninsula can be also as a result of successive arrivals of J1 y-chromosomes from different source regions in historical periods Abu-Amero It is usually supposed that haplogroup J1 might be related to the expansion of domesticated animals such as sheep, goats and camels.
And possibly the first migration occurred to Mesopotamia and Caucasia from the line of Turkey-Azerbaijan. The first migrations of haplogroup J1 possibly brought domesticated animals to Europe throughout Caucasus or Central Asia. During the crusades of medieval period, Europeans might have also brought and took away several subclades of haplogroup J1 as well. And it is possible to see ancient J1 samples among Sarmatians through 2nd and 3rd centuries A.
Today, most of J1-Z samples are seen among Chechnya and Russia.
It seems that the Z might have originated somewhere in North Caucasus. Today, J1a1 is also one of the common subclades of J1 in Brazil and Portugal. In this sense, a few P56 samples in Yemen could be related to recent historic migrations from Turkey to Yemen during the Ottoman or Seljuk period or before that because this lineage is not common among other Arabic people, and it is not seen in Arabia, Levant and North Africa as well.
J1-L93 L92 formed nearly years ago. It might be supposed that the subclade J1-L93 might be the most ancient Semitic lineage in Yemen. This lineage is mainly apparent in both East Europe and West Asia. YSC76 has so many subclades; therefore, today, it is possible to see this lineage and its subclades among several ethnicities in Europe and West Asia.
J1-Z formed nearly years ago, and today it is one of the most common J1 lineages in West Asia and Europe. J1-FGC11 also formed nearly years ago. As you see in the bar graph, the subclade diversity of haplogroup J1 is mostly seen in Eastern Europe rather than Semitic people.
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J1 Y-DNA Project
Filtered by:. Previous template Next. Jim Honeychuck. Suggested explanations for the northern European cases added. Its place of origin is beyond the area associated with Arabs and Jews, and almost no cases of this type have been found among those populations. A handful of cases have also been found in northern Europe. The database at YHRD. Plausible explanations for the rare presence of this type elsewhere in Europe are taking shape: 1. The Czech and Slovak cases are related within the past few centuries, and are from areas settled by Wallachians or Vlachs who moved from Romania northwest along the Carpathians in the s and s.
Several sources note the participation of Moldavian cavalry in the Battle of Grunwald in north central Poland in The site of that battle is just 25 miles or 40 kilometers or so from where one of the Polish J1 cases is from.
The other Polish case and the two German cases with known places of origin are all from the same region. The Polish case and one of the German cases are related to each other within the past few centuries; the northernmost German case differs on several markers. The 15th century Polish historiographer Jan Dlugosz wrote that men from what is now Moldova participated in a Polish campaign against the German March of Brandenburg in So possibly these three cases are descended from soldiers who went north to participate in that campaign.
These cases do not have exact matches on the northern or western shore of the Black Sea. The British case does not have a known place of origin. However, the surname is associated with an area of northern England which straddles Hadrian's Wall. Dacia was in what is now Romania. The British case has an approximate match with a case from modern Romania.
The genetic distance of 2 is consistent with a separation of 1, years: 14 13 23 10 11 12 14 16 11 England 14 13 23 10 11 12 13 15 11 Ploiesti, Romania So far as I know, no academic papers on Roman and Roman-related DNA in Britain have been published.
Tags: None.The clade derives from the haplogroup JTwhich also gave rise to haplogroup T. Within the field of medical geneticscertain polymorphisms specific to haplogroup J have been associated with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. Around 45, years before present, a mutation took place in the DNA of a woman who lived in the Near East or Caucasus. Further mutations occurred in the J line, which can be identified as the subclades J1a1, J1c1 27, yrs agoJ2a 19, yrs agoJ2b2 16, years agoand J2b3 5, yrs ago.
However, any statements concerning the geographic origin of this or any other haplogroup are highly speculative and considered by most population geneticists to be 'story telling' and outside the domain of science.Schottky diode vs diode
There is also limited evidence that the subclade J1 has long been present in Central Asia. The J1b subclade also occurs in the Near East among Iraqis 7.Putty macro script
In Africa, haplogroup J is concentrated in the northeast. It is found among Algerians 3.Acura rdx problems forum
One instance of haplogroup J1c10a1 has been observed in the Human Genome Diversity Project 's sample of ten Oroqen individuals from northernmost China.
This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup J subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation  and subsequent published research.
It has been theorized [ by whom? This has been linked to selective pressure for the presence of the haplogroup in northern Europe, particularly Norway. Controlling a remodeling which could accelerate mtDNA replication thus compensating for oxidative damage in mtDNA as well as functional deterioration occurring with old age related to it.
A study involving patients of European and West Asian origin or descent showed that individuals classified as haplogroup J or K demonstrated a significant decrease in risk of Parkinson's disease versus individuals carrying the most common haplogroup, H. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the human mtDNA haplogroup.
Human mitochondrial DNA. Human Mutation. Archived from the original on 4 December American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Archived from the original PDF on 6 October Retrieved 13 June The Seven Daughters of Eve. London; New York: Bantam Press. Oxford Ancestors. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 7 February Malyarchuk, T. Grzybowski, M. Derenko, J.Estimated number of the app downloads range between 10000 and 50000 as per google play store.
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